Tuesday, January 23, 2018

Arthur Milton Koychen

Arthur Milton KoychenSerial Number and Rank: 20963, BDR
Birth:  5 December 1888 Milton
Bap:  25 April 1889 St Peters & St Paul Milton
Parents:  Carl Christian Ernest Koychen and Jane Fisher Cambage
Enlisted:  31 August 1915
Next of Kin:  Fa: Carl Koychen
Service:  3rd Div TM. RTA 8 Jan 1919
Death:  18 Aug 1959 Concord Hosp.
Burial:  Rookwood Cemetery
1. Jessie Porter d 1923 Berry
2. Monica Richardson 1928
Honour Rolls:  RSL Honour Roll
Milton Town Memorial
Milton Public School
Milton Church of England
Burrill School

“From Convict Blood”

Gunner Arthur Milton Koychen, enlisted into WW1 at Toowoomba Queensland on 31 August 1915, where he was at the time a selector.

But what is his connection with Milton Ulladulla?

Arthur was born 5 December 1888 at Milton, the son of local pharmacist and chemist Carl Christian Ernest Koychen and his wife Jane Fisher nee Cambage.  Yes Arthur is a the grandson of a convict, John Cambage who arrived in NSW aboard the Marquis of Huntley in July 1835.

John was assigned to the Macleay Estate at Croobyar and worked as a blacksmith in 1840. John is the most likely Ulladulla’s first publican at the George Inn which was located at the eastern end of Wason Street Ulladulla, overlooking the harbour

In 1852 John bought 60 acres of land near the Settlement for £78 pounds, and continued to buy up surrounding lands, he arranged for stonemason James Poole, to build the granite homestead Applegrath in 1868, which still adorns the Milton landscape today.

Arthur’s father, Carl Koychen was born in Germany, arriving in NSW in 1879 and worked a Pharmacist chemist in Milton, he died in 1897. John Cambage owned many of our hotels over the years and Arthur’s mother Jane inherited the Harbour View Hotel Ulladulla from her father in 1896.

As Jane had married a German, she was considered to be a German and she had to apply be naturalised in 1916 as she became aware that as widow of a German she could not hold property even though she had been born in Ulladulla and lived at Milton all her life.

Jane had to prove that she was not in association with any German; she did point out that her son Arthur was fighting on the Front with the Australian Forces and obtain many a character reference. Numerous of the war department letters sent to her about Arthur’s injuries in France were addressed to Jane Cambage then altered to Koychen.

Arthur left for overseas duty aboard HMAT Argyllshire A8 in May 1916; he was a Gunner, in the 9th Field Artillery Brigade from May 1916 to February 1917. He was transferred to 3rd Division Trench Mortar Battery. Arthur returned home to Milton in January 1919 after the war, first living at Applegate with his mother and other members of the Cambage family.

Arthurs name is listing on many local memorials including RSL Honour Roll, Milton Town Memorial, Milton Public School, Milton Church of England and Burrill School. He received the British War Medal and Victory Medal for his war service which he never applied for until 1951.

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